What are the Differences Between VCC, VEE, VDD, and VSS?

The terms VCC, VEE, VDD, and VSS are used in relation to power supply voltages. Here are their meanings and differences.VCC• VCC is used as the positive supply voltage for circuits using Bipolar Junct...

VCC VEE VDD VSS

Low Noise 45V-4A Dual Rail Power Supply Using Enhanced Capacitance Multiplier

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)The core element of any electronic device is the power supply. Any instability or malfunction of the power supply ...

85V-260VAC to 5VDC-2.5A Flyback Switching Power Supply

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)The key part of any electronic device is the power supply. Any instability or malfunction of the power supply part...

Switching Power Supply

The Role of the Parallel Resistor in an Passive Crystal Oscillator Circuit

Generally, the clock circuit of a microcontroller uses an external passive crystal oscillator in combination with load capacitors to connect to the Xin and Xout pins of the microcontroller. The passiv...

Parallel Resistor Passive Crystal Oscillator

How to Distinguish Between Reflow Soldering and Wave Soldering?

In the field of electronic manufacturing, two primary automated soldering techniques are commonly employed for assembling printed circuit boards: reflow soldering and wave soldering. These two techniq...

Reflow Soldering Wave Soldering

Digital AC Energy Measurement Circuit V2 RMS Voltage, RMS Current, Real Power, Power Factor, Energy KWh

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)Disclaimer: Some parts of this circuit carry dangerous Mains voltage. If you are a beginner, seek guidance from ex...

Power Factor Energy KWh

How to Distinguish between Active Crystal Oscillator and Passive Crystal Oscillator?

Definition of Crystal OscillatorA crystal oscillator, in electronic circuits, is divided into two types: active crystal oscillator and passive crystal oscillator. A passive crystal oscillator is a non...

Active Crystal Oscillator Passive Crystal Oscillator

SMD VS NSMD

SMD (Solder Mask Defined) and NSMD (Non-Solder Mask Defined) refer to the way copper pads on a printed circuit board (PCB) are exposed. This seemingly minor detail in PCB pad design, which used to go ...

SMD NSMD Solder Mask Defined Non-Solder Mask Defined

What are USB connectors?

USB is a Universal Serial Bus interface standard used to connect computers and external devices, enabling them to perform data transfer and communication. The USB standard was designed to simplify the...

USB USB2.0 USB3.0 Type C PCB Design

8-100V to 5V-1A DC to DC Buck Converter using MP9486

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)DC-to-DC buck converters are utilized ubiquitously in electronic devices. Three major types of non-isolated DC-to-...

DC to DC power

433MHz 4-Channels Wireless Switcher Circuit

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)433MHz/315MHz remote controls are everywhere around us, used to control devices such as turning ON/OFF the lights ...

Wireless Switcher Circuit

dB in Radio Frequency Design

When Bell, who invented the telephone, studied the sound, he defined the scale of the sound as bel. When the intensity of a sound increases tenfold, the increase in loudness is termed 1 bel. It is use...

220VAC to 8VDC 24W Flyback Switching Power Supply

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)The most important part of any electronic device is the power supply section. Any instability or malfunction in th...

Adjustable Low EMI Switching Power Supply

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)A power supply is an essential tool on every electronics bench. The TPS54202 is a highly efficient 2A synchronous ...

Low EMI Switching Power Supply

Tactile Sensors in Robotics and Industrial Grippers

IntroductionAdvancement in technology in recent years has placed tactile sensing as one of the key features that have implemented more complex operations and tasks in industrial and commercial robotic...

pcbway Tactile Sensors Sensors Tutorials Electronics

Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)Without a doubt, FM transmitter and Receiver are among the top favorite electronic project topics, however, buildi...

Stereo Digital FM Transmitter

5A-35V Adjustable Switching Power Supply

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)A DC-to-DC converter is one of the most commonly used circuits in electronics, especially in power supply applicat...

Switching Power Supply

30A AC Soft Starter (Inrush Current Limiter)

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)Are you tired of dealing with the damaging effects of inrush currents on your industrial devices? Look no further ...

Wireless Home Automation (Control and Monitoring) Using a Nextion HMI Display

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoCopyright: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)Nowadays home automation is a trending topic among electronic enthusiasts and even the mass population. People are...

220V-AC to 12V-DC 18W Switching Power Supply

By Hesam Moshiri, Anson BaoFlyback is the most common circuit topology to build galvanically isolated AC to DC or DC to DC converters. Flyback circuit is cheap and relatively easy to manufacture, ther...

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