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Analysis of the Methods of PCB Interconnection

by: Jan 18,2019 427 Views 0 Comments Posted in Engineering Technical

Introduction:

Electronic components and electromechanical components have electrical contacts, and the electrical connection between two discrete contacts becomes an interconnection. The electronic devices must be interconnected according to the circuit schematic diagram in order to achieve the predetermined function.

As a part of the whole machine, a PCB generally cannot constitute an electronic product, and there must be the problem of external connection. For example, electrical connections are required between PCBs, PCBs and components, PCBs and panels of devices, etc. Therefore, the choice of the best interconnection which combines reliability, manufacturability, economy in one is one of the most important contents in PCB design. There are different kinds of the methods of interconnections that we’re free to choose on base of the different characteristics of different interconnections.

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Soldering Method---One of the Methods of Interconnections:

The advantages of this interconnection method are simple, low cost, high reliability, and can avoid the faults caused by poor contact. Disadvantages are not easy to change or not very convenient for maintenance. This method is generally applicable to components with fewer external leads.

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1.    Soldering of PCB Leads:

This method does not require any connector clip, as long as soldering directly and firmly the external interconnection points on PCB with the PCB components or other components outside, such as the speaker in the radio, battery box and so on.

The points needing attention when soldering interconnections on PCB are as follows:

1)     Soldering pads for leads shall be placed as far as possible on the edge of PCBs and arranged in the same size to facilitate soldering and maintenance.

2)     In order to improve the mechanical strength of the wire connection, it’s necessary to avoid damage to the solder pads or printed leads caused by the leads being pulled. In addition, the holes should be drilled near the solder joints on the PCBs to allow the leads to pass through the holes on the solder side of the PCBs, and then insert the holes of solder pads from the component side for soldering.

3)     Arrange or tie the leads neatly, and fix them with PCB through line-card or other fasteners to prevent the leads from breaking due to movement.

2.    Soldering of PCB Flexible Flat Cable:

The two PCBs are connected by flexible flat cables, which is reliable and not prone to connection errors, and the relative position between the two PCBs is not limited. Direct soldering between PCBs, which is often used to connect two PCBs at an angle of 90 degrees. After connecting, it becomes an integral PCB part.

Method of Connector Clip---One of the Methods of Interconnections:

In more complex instruments and equipment, the interconnection methods of connector clip is often used. This "building block" structure not only ensures the quality of mass production, but also reduces the cost of the system and facilitates debugging and maintenance. When device fails, maintenance personnel do not have to check to the component level (that is, in order to check the cause of the failure, until check to the specific component. This work will take quite a long time.), as long as maintenance personnel judge which PCB is abnormal, they can immediately replace that PCB, which cannot only eliminate faults in the shortest time, but shorten the downtime. Thus, it can improve the utilization rate of the device. In addition, the replaced PCB can be repaired in plenty of time and used as spare parts after repair.

1.      PCB Socket Interconnection:

This interconnection is often used in more complex instruments and devices. This method makes the printed plug from the PCB edge, and the plug part is designed according to the size of the socket, the interconnection points, the contact distance, the location of the positioning holes and so on, so as to make it match with the special PCB socket.

When manufacturing PCB, the plug part needs to be gold-plated to improve wear resistance and reduce contact resistance, which has the simple assembly, great interchangeability, good maintenance performance, and is suitable for standardized mass production. The disadvantage of this method is that the cost of PCB is increased, and the requirements of PCB manufacturing precision and process are higher. In addition, its reliability is poor. For example, it often lead to poor contact because the plug part is oxidized or socket spring aging. In order to improve the reliability of external interconnection, the same outgoing line is often drawn out in parallel through the contacts on the same side or both sides of PCB.

2.      Standard Pin Interconnection:

This method can be used for PCB external interconnection, especially in small instruments commonly used pin connection. Two PCBs are connected by a standard pin, and they are generally parallel or vertical as it is benefit for the mass production.


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