1. Blog>
  2. Design Points of Sheet Metal Structure—1

Design Points of Sheet Metal Structure—1

by: Jun 10,2022 247 Views 0 Comments Posted in Sheet Metal

Sheet Metal

Design Points of Sheet Metal Punching

1.For two adjacent holes, the shortest distance from the edge of the hole to the edge of the other hole should preferably not be less than 1.5 times the thickness of the material. Or the female die is easy to crack and the production line is disconnected. Disconnection, mold repair, etc. are the causes that increase the cost and reduce the profit. If it is necessary to be less than 1.5 times the thickness of the material, the tabbing method must be used.


The round hole is the strongest In the mold making, which is easy to manufacture and maintain, but the opening rate is low.

The square hole has the highest opening rate, but the corner edge is easy to wear and collapse because its 90-degree angle, which will result in the need to repair the mold and stop the line. The hexagonal shape has 120-degree angle, which is stronger than the square hole, but the opening rate is a little worse than the square hole at the edge.


2.When the sheet metal is blanking and punching, there will be R angles and burrs. After the molds in the mass production stage are worn out, the burrs will be more serious and even cut the fingers. Therefore, when drawing the molds, the direction of the burrs must be clearly marked according to the function.


3.When the sheet metal is blanked and punched, the 1/3~2/5 of the cut section close to the male die punch is a flat cutting surface, while the 3/5~2/3 close to the female die is an oblique tear section. When the sheet metal is blanked and punched, the 1/3~2/5 of the cut section close to the male die punch is a flat cutting surface, while the 3/5~2/3 close to the female die is an oblique tear section. Therefore, the size of the aperture is subject to the punch when making the mold or checking the size, and the outer size of the workpiece is subject to the inner size of the female die when blanking.


Design Points of Sheet Metal Bending

1.After the sheet metal is bent, the metal material will protrude on both sides of the bending angle due to the extrusion material, resulting in a larger width than the original size. The protruding size is related to the thickness of the material used. To avoid this situation, you can make a semicircle on both sides of the bending line in advance. The diameter of the semicircle should preferably be more than 1.5 times the thickness of the material. When the edge material is designed to be folded back, it should be handled in the same way.

2.When the sheet metal is bent, the internal R angle is preferably greater than or equal to 1/2 of the material thickness. If the R angle is not made, the right angle will gradually disappear after many times of stamping, and the R angle will naturally be formed. After that, the length of one or both sides of the R angle will be slightly longer.


3.It is easy to be deformed by force after the sheet metal is bent. In order to avoid the occurrence of deformation, an appropriate amount of 45-degree reinforcing ribs can be added at the bending position to increase the strength on the principle of not interfering with other parts.


4.Generally speaking, sheet metal parts are not easy to maintain their straightness when they are long and narrow, and are more easily deformed after being stressed. Therefore, we can fold one side into an L shape or fold two sides into a ㄇ shape to maintain its strength and straightness. And an appropriate amount of ribs can be added to increase its strength when the L and ㄇ types cannot be connected from beginning to end and are interrupted by some factors.

5.The turning point between the plane and the bending surface is best to have a narrow hole, or the edge of the opening should be retreated after the bending, otherwise there will be burrs. Tthe width of the narrow hole is preferably greater than or equal to 1.5 times the thickness of the material. And remember to mark the R angle when drawing. Molds with right or acute angles, male and female molds are prone to cracking. Future line stop and mold repairs are additional losses.

6.Please be sure to handle it as an appropriate R angle at the corner of the edge of the metal sheet if there is no special requirement for a 90-degree angle, because the right angle at the edge of the metal sheet is likely to form sharp points and cut the staff. The right-angled tip of male die is prone to cracks due to stress concentration, and the male die is easy to crack at the tip, which makes the mold must be repaired and delays mass production. Even if it does not crack, it will form an R angle due to wear and tear over time, which will cause the product to have burrs and cause defective products.

7. Folded edge can be divided into single-sided folding and double-sided folding. If there is a requirement for precision, it is best to use double-sided folding for better accuracy. The height of the folded edge should preferably be greater than 3mm. (t: 1.0~1.2mm), otherwise the size will be unstable due to too small clamping size.


7.1When folding the edge, the parts on the side wall or the internal protrusions should not be too close to the bottom surface, preferably more than 10mm. Otherwise, the R angle of the stamping will be larger than the R angle on the left and right sides if there is no male mold at the corner below the protrusion, and the discontinuous R angle will influence the appearance. The solution is to punch out an appropriate length of indentation on the folding line before bending.


7.2When folding the edge, the opening on the side wall should not be too close to the bottom surface, preferably more than 3mm. Or the opening will be deformed due to bending. The solution is to punch out a long hole with the same length as the opening and 1.5 times the width of the material thickness on the folding line before bending, which can cut off the pull without affecting the appearance of the opening.


Go to https://www.pcbway.com/blog/Sheet_Metal/Design_Points_of_Sheet_Metal_Structure_2_ab26709a.html to check the second part.

The picture comes from the Internet

Join us
Wanna be a dedicated PCBWay writer? We definately look forward to having you with us.
  • Comments(0)
You can only upload 1 files in total. Each file cannot exceed 2MB. Supports JPG, JPEG, GIF, PNG, BMP
    View More
    Back to top