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Low Carbon Steel
Material type: Metal
Low carbon steels consist primarily of ferrite, which is a solid solution phase of carbon dissolved in alpha-iron, a body centered cubic crystal. Ferrite is the softest phase of steel which is largely responsible for the higher machinability of low carbon steel relative to other carbon and alloyed steels.
Process compatibility
Material Color
Material advantages
Low-carbon steel is readily joined with a range of common welding processes, including GMAW and GTAW.
Material shortcomings
Low carbon steels generally contain less than 0.25% carbon and cannot be strengthened by heat-treating (strengthening can only be accomplished through cold working).
Recommended description
Low carbon steels may be readily resistance welded by all processes, clean deep drawing steel being commonly regarded as excellent in this respect.
Density 7.85 g/cm3
Modulus of elasticity 210 GPa
Tensile strength 1584 Mpa
Yield strength 1487 Mpa
Common applications
• Cold headed fasteners and bolts
• Automobile industry
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